Big spend

CPS to spend $1 billion on campus improvements, including two new West Side schools

PHOTO: Elaine Chen
Mayor Rahm Emanuel made an announcement about a $1 billion capital spend in July at Cardenas Elementary in Little Village.

Chicago Public Schools is plunging $1 billion into campus investments, a plan that includes two new West Side schools and two new classical schools, the district announced Friday.

Of the West Side openings, one will be an open-enrollment high school—CPS CEO Janice Jackson would not elaborate on the exact neighborhood—and the other will be an elementary school in Belmont-Cragin, which borders Austin on the far West Side.

CPS will also open two new classical schools—one in Bronzeville and one on the Southwest Side. And it will expand classical programs at McDade (near Chatham), Poe (in the Pullman neighborhood), and Decatur (in West Ridge) by adding seventh and eighth grades. McDade, Poe, and Decatur previously offered only kindergarten through sixth grades, leaving parents to scramble to find high-quality middle school programs to bridge the gap to high school.

The city’s high-demand classical programs are selective enrollment schools with a challenging, liberal arts focus, and students typically test in. Last school year, the district’s five classical programs denied seats to more than 1,000 students who had qualifying test scores.

The new schools and classical expansion were announced as part of a larger plan to boost capital spending from a meager $189 million for the new school year to nearly $1 billion—though it appears some projects listed as part of the $1 billion spend will be spread across several years. The list of improvements includes several items, such as capital costs related to the introduction of universal pre-kindergarten, that were previously announced.

Mayor Rahm Emanuel and district CEO Jackson made the first of two announcements Friday at Lazaro Cardenas Elementary School, a neighborhood elementary school in Little Village. On July 1, Cardenas, which serves pre-kindergarten through third grades, merged with Castellanos, which serves grades four through eight.

“This is a historic capital budget,” said Emanuel, standing in front of library shelves stocked with popular books such as “Pete the Cat” and “Don’t Let the Pigeon Drive the Bus.” “These investments will ensure that there is equity in our system.”

Emanuel ticked off some of the cornerstones of the capital spending proposal, most of which have been announced prior: a universal pre-K program for all 4-year-olds that will cost nearly $175 million by 2021 (a first year capital spend of $18 million is part of the $1 billion plan; other costs to roll it out in the first year will come from the operating budget) and a plan to retrofit all high school science labs to bring them up to date—a cost of $75 million to be spread out over three years.

To foot the nearly $1 billion bill, the district will largely rely on borrowing. CPS anticipates selling $313 million of general obligation bonds and up to $125 million of Capital Improvement Tax bonds; the remaining $300 million will get financed at a later date as expenditures roll in. In addition, a spokeswoman said CPS anticipates a bond refunding of up to $500 million, which let it swap out debt and save money on the interest.

The district is also counting on extra monies from the state revamp of the education funding formula. That revamp yielded Chicago Public Schools roughly $350 million more this year, with $200 million of that intended to cover unfunded pension obligations.

Estimated Sources Estimated Sources (Thousands)
Total FY 2019 Capital Budget Sources $989,000
Anticipated Bond Offers and Other Capital Funds $749,900
Prior Year Bond Proceeds $189,100
Other Potential Outside Funding $43,000
Federal E-Rate Funding $7,000


Estimated Uses Estimated Spend (Thousands)
Total FY 2019 Capital Budget Uses $989,000
Educational Programming $339,200
Facility Needs $335,650
Overcrowding Relief $138,000
IT, Security, & Building System Investments $88,000
Site Improvements $45,700
Capital Project Support Services $25,250
Potential Land Acquisitions $16,000
Potential Externally Funded Projects $1,200

Supplemental funding sources include a $15 million federal grant that will be used to pay to convert three neighborhood elementary schools to magnet programs. The three neighborhood elementary schools that will be converted to STEM magnet programs are William H. Brown Elementary on the Near West Side, Claremont Academy Elementary in Englewood, and Joseph Jungman in Pilsen.

A closer look at the plan

The mayor also stressed an annual investment of $25 million over three years in technology, including new devices for every student at 20 elementary schools – among them is Cardenas, Principal Jeremy Feiwell said after the meeting – and some upgrades of devices and broadband infrastructure at 40 additional schools. “The language of the future is technology and computers,” said Emanuel. To illustrate the point, next door to the press conference, a room of elementary-aged students sat in a computer lab playing math games on Dell computers.

Among the other items included in the $1 billion spend:

  • $4 million for security equipment, including cameras, intercom phones, alarms, and “screening equipment” at 50 schools;
  • A new building for Hancock High School on the Southwest side;
  • “Significant building renovations” for Hyde Park High School to better support the school’s International Baccalaureate program.
  • A new vocational wing for Prosser Career Academy in support of Chicago Builds, a 2-year training program in the building trades for 11th and 12th grade students;
  • The relocation, previously announced, of Rickover Naval Academy into the former Luther North, which would be renovated;
  • Renovations at Senn High School on the city’s North Side;
  • Annexes to relieve overcrowding at Dirksen, Palmer, Rogers and Waters elementary schools;
  • $46 million in site improvements to design and build playgrounds, play lots, and turf fields at schools across the city;
  • $336 million for repair and replacement to structural items like roofs and building envelopes.

The Chicago Teachers Union quickly issued a statement, calling the announcement a “stunt” in the ramp up to next year’s mayoral election.

Community groups, meanwhile, were still trying to digest the news and assess the impact. “Parents worry about how new schools impact existing schools,” said Juan Cruz, a Communities United organizer who is active in Belmont Cragin, where a new elementary is proposed. “Schools in Belmont Cragin are all very close to each other. I will be very interested to know where they will build this school and not affect the other schools.”

The public will have a chance to provide feedback. Capital hearings will be held on from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. July 19 at the following locations:

  • Truman College, 1145 W Wilson Ave;
  • Malcolm X College, 1900 W Jackson Blvd;
  • Kennedy King College’s U Building, 740 W 63rd St.

Additionally, the district will hold two budget hearings at 2 p.m. and 4:30 p.m. July 16 at the CPS Central Office, 42 W. Madison St.


Frequently asked

New Denver teacher contract: We answer the most common questions about the tentative pact

PHOTO: Joe Amon/The Denver Post
Students in class at Dora Moore ECE-8 during the second day of the Denver Public Schools teachers strike.

One reason many Denver educators didn’t like the district’s old ProComp pay system was that it was too complicated and unpredictable. Both sides agree that the deal reached early Thursday morning creates a much simpler pay system for teachers.

But educators — and the general public — still have a lot of questions about the tentative ProComp agreement, which still needs to be ratified by union members and the Denver school board. Here we’ve answered some of the most common questions we’ve heard since the end of the strike.

How do I place myself on the salary schedule?

The salary schedule is made up of “steps” and “lanes.” The “steps” represent years of service for which a teacher had a positive evaluation. The “lanes” represent levels of education. The new schedule has 20 steps and seven lanes.

Worked in Denver Public Schools for five years and have a master’s degree? Go to step five and then slide your finger over to the master’s degree lane. That’s your base salary.

Did you have a year when your evaluation wasn’t good? Go back one step. Have an additional 18 credits on top of your master’s degree? Go up one more lane.

Teachers can also go up a lane once they hit the 10-year mark because the district wanted to reward longevity. Other milestones that merit a lane change: earning national board certification or an advanced license, or completing six “professional development unit” training courses.

Still not sure? Denver Public Schools plans to put a salary calculator on its website soon.

What if I have more than 20 years of experience?

If you have 20 or more years of experience, you’re placed at the top of the salary schedule, on step 20. After step 20, you’ll get yearly cost-of-living raises. You’re still eligible to change lanes, but you won’t get any more step raises.

Does the district know everything it needs to know about individual educators to pay them the correct salary?

Denver Public Schools plans to send letters or emails this spring to every teacher and special service provider (nurses, counselors, and others) covered by the contract, laying out where the district believes that employee falls on the schedule based on information they have on file. Educators will have a certain amount of time to correct any wrong information and get on the correct step and lane for the 2019-20 school year.

Under the new salary schedule, it looks like I’ll earn less next year than I do now. Am I taking a pay cut?

No. The agreement includes a “hold harmless” clause that ensures everyone will get a raise next year. Those whose salaries are higher now than they would be under the new schedule will get a cost-of-living raise each year until the salary schedule catches up with them.

How are bonuses and incentives different under the new contract?

The bonuses and incentives are different in three ways: There are fewer of them, the dollar amounts are different, and the dollar amounts won’t change year to year.

This year, there are six bonuses and incentives offered by the district: one for educators who work in Title I schools where 60 percent or more of the student population qualifies for subsidized meals; one for educators who work in hard-to-fill positions; one for educators who work in “hard-to-serve” schools; one for educators who work in one of 30 “highest-priority” schools; one for educators who return year over year to those schools; and one for educators who work in schools deemed top-performing or high-growth, as based on school ratings.

Here’s what’s left in the new contract: Teachers in Title 1 schools and those in hard-to-fill positions, such as secondary math, will get $2,000 a year. Teachers who return year over year to 30 highest-priority schools will get $3,000 a year. Teachers in 10 schools deemed “distinguished” will get $750 a year, with the criteria to be determined by the district and the union.

Why aren’t the district and the union tying bonuses to test scores anymore?

Unions have traditionally been skeptical of paying teachers based on student test scores because the scores are so closely correlated with factors like race and household income. In Denver, these bonuses were also less predictable for teachers because the district often changed the criteria it used to rate schools and award “top-performing” bonuses.

The district also came to see these bonuses as canceling out the effects of bonuses for teachers at high-poverty schools. A teacher could get nearly the same kind of monetary reward by moving to a more affluent school or by staying in one where students face more challenges. The new bonus system provides clearer monetary benefits to working in a high-poverty school.

Why did the union agree to keep the incentive for highest-priority schools, when that had been such a sticking point?

In any negotiation, there’s give and take and a lot of moving pieces. 

Here’s what lead negotiator Rob Gould said to district officials during bargaining: “We are open to the incentive because we know it’s important to you. And we’re willing to entertain your ideas if we can get the base salary schedule that our teachers need. Because if we can get the base salaries we need, we can keep our teachers in Denver.”

This was also an issue that divided teachers, with some teachers at schools that received the highest-priority incentive pushing to keep them.

Did teachers get a better deal out of the strike than the district’s last offer before the strike?

Teachers were getting a raise no matter what. The district was offering an average 10 percent raise before the strike (this included a cost-of-living raise that was agreed to back in 2017). Now teachers will get an average 11.7 percent raise, though individual teachers will see a wide range.

The district is putting the same amount of new money — $23.5 million — into teacher compensation as it was offering before the strike. It can give a larger average raise with that same amount of money because the incentives are smaller than under the previous proposal and because of limits on how teachers can use training to get raises. That gives the district more predictability about how many teachers will get raises each year.

Union leaders call the deal a win. They secured more opportunities for teachers to earn raises and move into higher categories on the salary schedule, including through completing training partially during work hours at no additional cost. And teachers can get to $100,000 in 20 years, rather than the 30 years in the last district proposal.

However, individual teachers aren’t necessarily getting more base pay next year than they would have under the district’s last offer. Early-career teachers without advanced degrees would have earned more in base pay under the district’s last offer. The teachers who do better under the deal reached after the strike are veteran educators with more education.

To take two examples: A second-year educator with a bachelor’s degree and no extra credits or training would have earned $47,550 in base pay under the district’s last offer before the strike but will earn $46,869 under the deal reached this week.

But a 20-year educator who has a master’s degree and an advanced license who has been with the district for 10 years will earn $88,907 in base pay under the new agreement, compared with $87,550 under the district’s last proposal before the strike.

The union fought for this kind of salary schedule in part to address a longstanding complaint that teachers have little reason to stay in a district where base pay levels off.

You can see the salary schedule from the district’s last offer here and the schedule from the tentative agreement here.

Is this deal financially sustainable for the district?

Denver Public Schools Chief Financial Officer Mark Ferrandino says that is the “million-dollar question,” perhaps closer to the “half-billion-dollar question,” since that is roughly how much the district spends on educator compensation.

Ferrandino believes the answer is yes, with the standard caveat that all projections are just that.

What will be cut to pay for this?

The district plans to cut $20 million from administrative costs over the next two years. That includes cutting 150 jobs in the central office and ending all executive bonuses. The bulk of it — $13 million — will go to fund the ProComp agreement.

District officials have not yet said which central office jobs will be cut, though Superintendent Susana Cordova has said cuts will be to “discretionary” departments. Departments that will not be cut include special education, English language acquisition, and transportation, she said.

Teachers will get a raise. What about paraprofessionals, bus drivers, custodians, and cafeteria workers?

These other district employees, much lower paid than teachers, are not covered by the contract that was the subject of the strike. Cordova has said these workers also deserve raises and a portion of administrative cuts will go to pay for them.

But how much of a raise will they get? That will all be worked out over the next few months and include discussions with the unions that represent these employees.

Will striking teachers get back pay?

Not according to district officials. After this story was published Friday, we asked for further clarification on this. We received this statement Saturday morning:

Superintendent Cordova understands that when teachers make the choice to strike, they are doing so to make a statement and bring attention to the importance of the issue at hand. Foregoing pay during the time that a teacher is not working is a challenging decision that no one makes lightly, and consequently, brings with it an impact that is intended to push for change.

DPS did not feel that it would be fair or appropriate to provide back pay to striking teachers when many others — including more than 40 percent of classroom teachers — chose to remain at work this week. However, DPS is working with the DCTA to offer all teachers the opportunity to attend a Saturday session to replace the professional development day that was cancelled in the days leading up to the strike. Any teacher who attends will be paid a day’s salary.

When will the new agreement go into effect? How long will it last?

Assuming both sides ratify it, the new agreement technically (and retroactively) went into effect Jan. 19, the day after the old one expired. But educators won’t start receiving the new salaries, incentives, and bonuses negotiated under it until Aug. 1. The agreement expires Aug. 31, 2022.

Teens Talk Back

‘Mr. Mayor, we cannot afford to wait.’ Teen group says New York City diversity plan doesn’t move fast enough.

PHOTO: Courtesy/Teens Take Charge
Teens Take Charge members at a "virtual" press conference in New York City on Thursday

A teen group representing students from more than 30 New York City high schools sharply criticized a recent report from Mayor Bill de Blasio’s School Diversity Advisory Group as offering no real solutions for increasing integration in the city’s starkly segregated high schools.

At a virtual press conference on Thursday, broadcast live on Facebook by Teens Take Charge, students expressed support for the report’s broad policy aim of achieving greater integration but also disappointment that the findings offered few specifics for how to reach this goal. The mayor’s Diversity Advisory Group has said a follow-up report will provide more details later this year.

“We have been told to wait, to be patient, that change is coming soon,” said Tiffani Torres, a junior at Pace High School in Manhattan. “Mr. Mayor, we cannot afford to wait any longer.”

Teens Take Charge has long advocated for greater efforts to end segregated enrollment patterns in the city’s high schools. Sokhnadiarra Ndiaye, a junior at Brooklyn College Academy High School, said that students’ expectations of the mayor included his announcing “a comprehensive plan” — even if it took years to realize — “to racially, socioeconomically, and academically integrate high schools before the end of this school year,” she said.

Among Teens Take Charge’s specific recommendations are doing away with academic screens for admission to the city’s high schools, a more transparent process for applying to them, and more resources for low-income schools. Early last year, the group produced an Enrollment Equity Plan for increasing educational opportunities for low-income black and Hispanic students.

And because concrete plans for increasing integration would take time, Ndiaye said the teen organization supports several interim measures as well to address inequities in the school system. These include providing more college and career counseling for junior and seniors at low-income, under-resourced high schools. The teen group would also like to see the city provide vouchers to low-income families to access extra-curricular activities and programs offered by private companies or the ability to participate in such programs at other public schools if theirs don’t offer them. (Some city teens joined a class-action lawsuit against the education department and Public School Athletic League for allegedly denying black and Hispanic students equal opportunity to play on school sports teams, in violation of local human rights law.)

Torres described how Teens Take Charge has had “several meetings and phone conversations with Department of Education officials over the past year,” and schools chancellor Richard Carranza has stated that students have his ear. “We’re listening,” he tweeted in response to a Chalkbeat story with excerpts of the students’ views.

In December, the city’s education department posted a new job listing for a “Student Voice Manager” who would gather students’ thoughts on education policies. But while acknowledging this seat at the table, several students expressed frustration at the slow pace of change.

Bill de Blasio’s office declined to comment about Teens Take Charge’s concerns or their specific recommendations, beyond referencing remarks the mayor already made about the School Diversity Advisory Group report.

Doug Cohen, an education department spokesman, said in a statement, “We’ve taken real steps toward school integration,” pointing to initiatives such as a $2 million diversity grant program for school districts and communities citywide to develop their own local diversity plans, and a program that enables middle-schoolers to visit college campuses. “We know there is more work to do, and we thank Teens Take Charge for its continued advocacy on these issues,” he added.

Students at the group’s event urged swift change. “They know our plan; they have our information,” said Sophie Mode, a sophomore at Brooklyn Millennium. “They need to take action now.”