the meat

What N.Y. students actually had to do to pass the math tests

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Fourth graders in New York State answered this question about multiply whole numbers on their math exams this spring.

Along with this year’s test scores — lower than in the past, if you haven’t heard — the State Education Department also released test questions today.

The items posted on the department’s educator resource website, EngageNY, represent a quarter of the questions that students faced when they sat down to take Common Core-aligned exams this spring. Usually the state keeps test questions under wraps, but this year it decided to publish some of them because of the new, tougher standards.

Critics of the state’s testing practices say transparency can’t be achieved if the entire test isn’t released, and we don’t know how well students did on each of the questions that have been released. Still, they offer a view into the skills and practices that students were asked to demonstrate, and a discussion of test scores without a discussion of what counted is thin indeed.

That’s why we’ve collected a sample of the questions asked at each grade level on the state’s math exams. (EngageNY has more questions, in-depth explanations about how to solve and teach each problem, and, for questions that asked students to show their work, examples of student responses.) We’re hoping to spur a conversation about the questions that’s even better than the one that already happened on Twitter today.

Check out the test questions below, then let us know in the comments what your favorite and least favorite is and why. We’ll be highlighting insightful responses on Thursday.

In third grade, 33.1 percent of city students tested proficient in math.

This problem is about representing fractions on a number line:

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This is a two-step word problem using addition and subtraction:

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This problem is about whole-number quotients.

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In fourth grade, 35.2 percent of city students met the state’s proficiency standard in math.

This is an equivalent fraction problem using visual models.

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This problem asks students to compare fractions:

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This problem asks students to multiply two-digit whole numbers:
Screen shot 2013-08-07 at 11.53.36 AMIn fifth grade, 29.6 percent of city students met the state’s math proficiency standard.

This problem is about adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators.

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This problem is about understanding multi-digit numbers:

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 This problem is about expanding a base-ten numeral:

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In sixth grade, 28.8 percent of city students hit the state’s proficiency standard.

This problem is about equivalent ratios:

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 This problem is about inequalities represented on a number line:

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 This problem is about equivalent expressions:

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This problem is about absolute value and coordinates:

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 This is a word problem that involves dividing fractions:

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In seventh grade, 25.7 percent of city students were proficient in math.

This is a problem about probability:

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This is a word problem that uses equations:

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This is a word problem involving unit rates:

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This is a problem involving proportional relationships:

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In eighth grade, 29.6 percent of students were proficient in math.

This is a linear equation problem:

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This a problem that involves understanding how to graph the function of x:

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This is a problem about integer exponents:

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 This word problem involves measuring the volume of a cylinder:

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This problem is about finding relative frequencies using data:

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What's Your Education Story?

As the 2018 school year begins, join us for storytelling from Indianapolis educators

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy/Chalkbeat
Sarah TeKolste, right, and Lori Jenkins at a Teacher Story Slam, in April.

In partnership with Teachers Lounge Indy, Chalkbeat is hosting another teacher story slam this fall featuring educators from across the city.

Over the past couple of years, Chalkbeat has brought readers personal stories from teachers and students through the events. Some of our favorites touched on how a teacher won the trust of her most skeptical student, why another teacher decided to come out to his students, and one educator’s call to ramp up the number of students pursuing a college education.

The event, 5:30 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 13, is free and open to the public — please RSVP here.

Event details:

5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 13, 2018
Tube Factory artspace
1125 Cruft St., Indianapolis, IN 46203
Get tickets here and find more on Facebook

More in What's Your Education Story?

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.

For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.

Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.