The Cold Shoulder

Members of Boys and Girls HS leadership team feel shut out as city intervenes

PHOTO: Patrick Wall
There has been a “mass exodus” of students leaving Boys and Girls High School since a new principal took over last month, one person said.

Before the start of a meeting at Boys and Girls High School last month, an education department employee made a request that soon led to a tense showdown, several attendees said.

The woman wanted the members of the school’s leadership team to sign a document certifying that they had helped develop an improvement plan for the long-struggling school. A student and the parent association president signed the form, according to multiple members of the team, which includes the principal, staffers, parents, and two students from the Bedford-Stuyvesant school. But several others declined, saying later that they had played little role in creating the plan and had not seen an updated edition after giving feedback on a draft version over the summer.

Once the meeting started, Bernard Gassaway, the school’s outspoken principal who has since resigned, refused to sign the document. Those who already had signed asked to retract their signatures, insisting they had been misled. (The student, Calvin Brown, Jr., later said he thought the form was a sign-in sheet.) The employee, Aurora Brice, angrily asserted that she had misled no one, though another department official who was present agreed to tear up the document.

But the whole debate was largely beside the point: Although the leadership team did not know it, the city had already submitted a final version of the plan to the state before that meeting even took place. Several team members said they only learned that the plan had been finalized and filed when told by Chalkbeat last week, and added that they have yet to see the finished version.

Meanwhile, as the city appointed a new principal to replace Gassaway, officials did not meet the with school leadership team — even though city regulations say those teams must be consulted before a new principal is hired.

“Nobody’s informing us,” Brown, a 17-year-old senior at Boys and Girls, said at the team’s most recent meeting. “Why weren’t any of the teachers, the parents, the students involved in the decision making?”

The city’s interactions with the school leadership team expose the tension between Fariña’s need to intervene at struggling schools like Boys and Girls, which is in such dire shape that the state has labeled it as “out of time,” and her ongoing emphasis on collaboration and empowering educators and parents. It also underscores the challenge the education department faced when working with a principal who happened to be the agency’s loudest internal critic and a leadership team that was closely aligned with him.

The team’s frustration with being given limited information about the city’s plan for their school, meanwhile, comes as other critics are making a similar complaint. They note that even as officials start to take action at some struggling schools, they still have not revealed a system-wide strategy for improving troubled schools, leaving educators largely in the dark more than seven weeks into the school year.

Pedro Noguera, an education professor at New York University, said that while “it’s always good to engage” with school communities when making important decisions, the education department is ultimately responsible for the fate of Boys and Girls and justified in taking steps on its own to improve it.

He also said few districts in the country have effective plans for turning around troubled schools, and added that Fariña has essentially had to create her plan from scratch since the previous administration often opted to close the worst-off schools rather than fix them. Still, he said it is “troubling” that she has still not announced her plan when so many floundering schools require urgent attention.

“Schools can’t tread water indefinitely,” he said.

Former Principal Bernard Gassaway frequently clashed with the education department before he resigned this month.
PHOTO: Patrick Wall
Former Principal Bernard Gassaway frequently clashed with the education department before he resigned this month.

In a recent interview with Education Week, Fariña said the city has been working with many struggling schools since the summer. Calling herself the “queen of urgency,” she added that she will release an “extremely detailed” plan for such schools soon.

“We are taking a thoughtful approach, developing new solutions and reinventing our entire playbook to most effectively support schools and ensure better student outcomes,” Department of Education spokeswoman Devora Kaye said in a statement to Chalkbeat. “The stakes couldn’t be higher for our students, and it’s worth the time to get it right.”

Gassaway, who presided over Boys and Girls as it earned three straight F’s on its annual school-progress reports, said officials showed him their plan for the school in July after he spoke out about a lack of transparency. One part of the plan was to stop new students from being sent to the school mid-year — a policy change Gassaway had long lobbied for. But even then Gassaway was not satisfied, arguing that he still should have the ability to recruit new students during the year.

The leadership team also saw the plan over the summer and suggested some additions, such as more guidance counselors and teacher training, members said. But they said they did not help create it.

Department officials “just put down what they wanted and expected us to go along with it,” one teacher said.

City rules stipulate that each school’s leadership team must create an annual school-improvement plan, which is filed with the state. In the case of Boys and Girls, the city-made improvement plan is standing in for the leadership team’s plan, officials said, even though the team did not sign off on the city’s plan. Kaye, the department spokeswoman, said the school team was consulted.

If Gassaway complicated the city’s interactions with the school leadership team, little appears to have changed since his departure.

Officials did not consult the team when they hired Michael Wiltshire, the longtime principal of a Crown Heights school, to replace Gassaway. Team members discovered that a new principal had been appointed only after reading about it in the newspaper, several said. However, during the hiring process, Fariña did meet with the school’s politically connected advisory board, which includes elected officials, civic leaders, and alumni.

Caster Hall, the school’s parent association president and Gassaway’s brother, emailed Fariña last Monday to complain about her “lack of communication” with the leadership team. He asked why she had met with the advisory board and not the team and why she is “disrespecting parents and students of BGHS.”

Fariña promptly emailed back, saying, “There will be a meeting this week to explain steps going forward.” Fariña visited the school that day to confer with the new principal, but she still has not met with the school leadership team, Hall said.

What's Your Education Story?

As the 2018 school year begins, join us for storytelling from Indianapolis educators

PHOTO: Dylan Peers McCoy/Chalkbeat
Sarah TeKolste, right, and Lori Jenkins at a Teacher Story Slam, in April.

In partnership with Teachers Lounge Indy, Chalkbeat is hosting another teacher story slam this fall featuring educators from across the city.

Over the past couple of years, Chalkbeat has brought readers personal stories from teachers and students through the events. Some of our favorites touched on how a teacher won the trust of her most skeptical student, why another teacher decided to come out to his students, and one educator’s call to ramp up the number of students pursuing a college education.

The event, 5:30 p.m. Thursday, Sept. 13, is free and open to the public — please RSVP here.

Event details:

5:30 p.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Thursday, Sept. 13, 2018
Tube Factory artspace
1125 Cruft St., Indianapolis, IN 46203
Get tickets here and find more on Facebook

More in What's Your Education Story?

School safety

Hiring more security officers in Memphis after school shootings could have unintended consequences

PHOTO: Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post/Getty Images

Tennessee’s largest district, Shelby County Schools, is slated to add more school resource officers under the proposed budget for next school year.

Superintendent Dorsey Hopson earmarked $2 million to hire 30 school resource officers in addition to the 98 already in some of its 150-plus schools. The school board is scheduled to vote on the budget Tuesday.

But an increase in law enforcement officers could have unintended consequences.

A new state law that bans local governments from refusing to cooperate with federal immigration officials could put school resource officers in an awkward position.

Tennessee Education Commissioner Candice McQueen recently reminded school personnel they are not obligated to release student information regarding immigration status. School resource officers employed by police or sheriff’s departments, however, do not answer to school districts. Shelby County Schools is still reviewing the law, but school board members have previously gone on the record emphasizing their commitment to protecting undocumented students.

“Right now we are just trying to get a better understanding of the law and the impact that it may have,” said Natalia Powers, a district spokeswoman.

Also, incidents of excessive force and racial bias toward black students have cropped up in recent years. Two white Memphis officers were fired in 2013 after hitting a black student and wrestling her to the ground because she was “yelling and cussing” on school grounds. And mothers of four elementary school students recently filed a lawsuit against a Murfreesboro officer who arrested them at school in 2016 for failing to break up a fight that occurred off-campus.

Just how common those incidents are in Memphis is unclear. In response to Chalkbeat’s query for the number and type of complaints in the last two school years, Shelby County Schools said it “does not have any documents responsive to this request.”

Currently, 38 school resource officers are sheriff’s deputies, and the rest are security officers hired by Shelby County Schools. The officers respond and work to prevent criminal activity in all high schools and middle schools, Hopson said. The 30 additional officers would augment staffing at some schools and for the first time, branch out to some elementary schools. Hopson said those decisions will be based on crime rates in surrounding neighborhoods and school incidents.

Hopson’s initial recommendation for more school resource officers was in response to the school shooting in Parkland, Florida, that killed 17 people and sparked a wave of student activism on school safety, including in Memphis.

Gov. Bill Haslam’s recent $30 million budget boost would allow school districts across Tennessee to hire more law enforcement officers or improve building security. Measures to arm some teachers with guns or outlaw certain types of guns have fallen flat.


For more on the role and history of school resource officers in Tennessee, read our five things to know.


Sheriff’s deputies and district security officers meet weekly, said Capt. Dallas Lavergne of the Shelby County Sheriff’s Office. When the Memphis Police Department pulled their officers out of school buildings following the merger of city and county school systems, the county Sheriff’s Office replaced them with deputies.

All deputy recruits go through school resource officer training, and those who are assigned to schools get additional annual training. In a 2013 review of police academies across the nation, Tennessee was cited as the only state that had specific training for officers deployed to schools.